Pollinator Hedgerows

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What is a Hedgerow?

  • A narrow vegetated strip of native trees, shrubs, grasses or ground-covers.
  • Designed to buffer adjacent land uses and benefit native wildlife.
  • Should be a minimum of 5’ to 10’ wide. The longer the better.
  • A hedgerow can make a livestock-proof barrier, provide shelter, enhance the landscape and benefit wildlife.
  • Creating hedgerows that link with existing hedgerows or other habitats such as a forest or waterway are ideal.
Historical English Hedgerows

Historical English Hedgerows

Historical Information

Historically, hedgerows were planted and maintained in Europe to define field boundaries, and to enclose or exclude animals. In the US, hedgerows date back to the Homestead Act and to the dust bowl days of the 1930s. Hedgerows in the Midwest were planted primarily for windbreaks. In the west, hedgerows are used to enhance crop production. Hedgerows are also planted as a refuge for pollinators, birds, and small mammals.  Hedgerows can be planted along the borders of streams, in field edges, the banks of drainage ditches,  and at road edges.

 

Promote Native Pollinators Using Hedgerows

  • Many beneficial insects, birds, and small critters are found in hedgerows. They help pollinate over 75% of flowering plants and nearly 75% of crops.
  • Native plants in hedgerows serve as sources of food for pollinators and bird and provide habitat for nesting and larvae production.
  • Hedgerows provide shelter and winter protection for many pollinators.

Hedgerows Can Be Altered To Promote Different Goals:

  • Support Pollinator Species
  • Clean Water (Reduce sediment and use nutrient runoff)
  • Natural Border Delineation
  • Wildlife Habitat Formatio
European Honeybee

European Honeybee

European Honeybee

European Honeybee

Plant Species for Pollinator Promotion:

  • Willows
  • Native Roses
  • Elderberry
  • Salmonberry
  • Black Twinberry
  • Many others: call, email, or come in for a complete list.

Plant a spread of early, mid, and late season blooming plants to provide a consistent food source.  Mixing in native flowering perennials will add color and promote late season pollination.